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American Indian* & Alaska Native Alone
& Tribe
Los Angeles County

Native American Dancers

American Indian dancers. Photo by LeeTravathan via Pixabay.com.

2010 Census & 2017 Census Estimates

Also see: American Indian & Alaska Native by City and Community
and 2000 Census Figures

Although Los Angeles County is home to the largest concentration of persons in the United States claiming to be fully or partly of American Indian descent, it is only the second largest population in the United States claiming to be fully American Indian and Alaska Native. Maricopa County, Arizona, ranks first. Los Angeles County, however, is home to the largest U.S. populations of ethnically indigenous people from Mexico, Central and South America.

American Indian* & Alaska Native Alone by Tribe

Tribe 2010 Census Number 2017 Census Estimates Number**
American Indian or Alaska Native 71,471 68,211
American Indian, Tribe Specified 36,404 44,305
Apache 2,316 2,590
Arapaho 69 71
Blackfeet 420 337
Canadian and French American Indian 140 50
Central American Indian 1,349 1,550
Cherokee 2,608 2,811
Cheyenne 120 168
Chickasaw 181 324
Chippewa 427 338
Choctaw 866 569
Colville 42 24
Tribe 2010 Census Number 2017 Census Estimates Number**
Comanche 211 145
Cree 44 74
Creek 378 107
Crow 33 0
Delaware 76 38
Hopi 295 310
Houma 3 16
Iroquois 288 208
Kiowa 93 61
Lumbee 81 63
Menominee 20 5
Mexican American Indian 13,885 20,358
Navajo 2,338 2,058
Tribe 2010 Census Number 2017 Census Estimates Number**
Osage 92 65
Ottawa 42 17
Paiute 174 460
Pima 327 296
Potawatomi 141 114
Pueblo 746 903
Puget Sound Salish 31 14
Seminole 114 132
Shoshone 173 152
Sioux 851 664
South American Indian 476 702
Spanish American Indian 929 1,164
Tohono O'Odham 413 368
Tribe 2010 Census Number 2017 Census Estimates Number**
Ute 90 55
Yakama 23 59
Yaqui 1,045 1,198
Yuman 209 140
All other American Indian tribes 4,245 5,527
American Indian, Tribe Not Specified 3,769 3,659
Alaska Native, Tribe Specified 271 449
Alaskan Athabascan 59 64
Aleut 42 62
Inupiat 58 228
Tlingit-Haida 79 61
Tsimshian 14 0
Yup'ik 19 34
Alaska Native, Tribe Not Specified 37 35
American Indian or Alaska Native, Tribe Not Specified 30,990 18,469

* Here we use the term American Indian, versus Native American, because the U.S. Census Bureau uses this to refer to most indigenous people of the Americas. According to a 1995 Census Bureau study, 50% of people identifying themselves as indigenous preferred the term American Indian, 37% preferred Native American, and the remainder either preferred other terms or had no preference. The Census Bureau uses American Indian to include indigenous people of all the Americas (North and South America and the Carribbean) who are not Alaska Native or Hawaiian. In addition, the local indigenous people groups native to Los Angeles County use the term "Indian."

** 2013-2017 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau