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Original Settlers (Pobladores) of
El Pueblo de la Reina de Los Angeles, 1781


Photo of Mural by Millard Sheets. Photo by Charles C. Pierce. Courtesy of the California Historical Society & USC Library.

Also:


Recorded Family Head Age Race Birthplace Name, Age & Race of Spouse Children3
Manuel Camero1 30 Mulatto2 Nayarit Maria Tomasa (24, Mulatta) None
Jose Fernando de Velasco y Lara 50 Spaniard4 Spain Maria Antonia Campos (23, Indian) 3
Antonio Mesa 38 Black Sinaloa Ana Gertrudis (27, Mulatto) 2
Jose Cesario Moreno1 22 Mulatto2 Sinaloa Maria Guadalupe Gertrudis Perez (19, Mulatta) None
Jose Antonio Navarro 42 Mestizo5 Sinaloa Maria Regina Dorotea Glorea de Soto (47, Mulatta) 3
Luis Manuel Quintero 55 Black Jalisco Maria Petra Rubio (40, Mulatta) 5
Pablo Rodriguez 25 Indian Sinaloa Maria Rosalia Noriega (26, Indian) 1
Alejandro Rosas1 19 Indian Sinaloa Juana Rodriguez (20, Indian) None
Jose Antonio Basilio Rosas 67 Indian Durango Maria Manuela Calixtra Hernandez (43, Mulatta) 6
Jose Maria Vanegas6 28 Indian Jalisco Maria Bonifacia Maxima Aguilar (20, Indian) 1
Antonio Clemente Felix Villavicencio 30 Spaniard4 Chihuahua Maria de los Santos Flores (26, Indian) 1

1) Married just prior to leaving for the new pueblo because new settlers were required to be heads of families.
2) Mulatto - person born of mixed white and black parentage.
3) Children at the time of the settlement of the Pueblo. Some of these settlers went on to have other children.
4) Velasco Y Lara was Peninsular - Spaniard born in Spain. Villavicencio was Criollo - Spaniard born in Americas.
5) Mestizo - person born of mixed white and Indian parentage.
6) Vanegas was appointed to be the first alcalde (mayor).


A twelfth settler, Antonio Miranda Rodriguez, a 50-year-old Filipino, and his 11 year-old daughter were also slated to settle in the new pueblo. They set out with the rest of the pobladores in early 1781 on the journey to their new home. While in Baja California, however, they were among those who fell ill to smallpox and remained there for an extended time to recuperate. When they finally arrived in Alta California (the present-day State of California), it was discovered that Miranda Rodriguez was a skilled gunsmith. He was subsequently reassigned to the Santa Barbara Presidio in 1782 to be an armorer.


Maria Guadalupe Gertrudis Perez, wife of Jose Moreno, was the last surviving original settler. She died in 1860, having lived almost 100 years. Her granddaughter, Catalina Moreno, married Don Andres Pico, brother of Pio Pico and Mexican military commander at the Battle of San Pasqual.


Four colonial soldiers (escoltas), with their families, escorted the original settlers for the final leg of their journey from the Mission San Gabriel to Los Angeles.

Corporal José Vicente Feliz, age about 40, born in Sonora.
Private Roque Jacinto de Cota, age about 57, born in Sinaloa.
Private Antonio de Cota, younger brother of Roque Cota, age unknown.
Private Francisco Salvador de Lugo, age about 41, born in Sinaloa.


Earliest Map of Los Angeles

The map below was drawn by Jose Arguello in 1786, just five years after the new pueblo was established. It is the earliest known map of Los Angeles. The map shows relative locations of homes (upper map) and farm plots (lower right) for each of the families settling the new pueblo.

Earliest map of Los Angeles drawn by José Arguello, 1786. Courtesy Bancroft Library, UC Berkeley.

Whatever Happened to the Original Settlers?

Antonio Clemente Felix Villavicencio - Moved to Santa Barbara in 1797. Died there in 1802.
Jose de Velasco y Lara - Received permission to move to Ventura in 1782 to establish the Mission San Buenaventura and later to Santa Barbara to establish the presidio. Died in Nayarit on an unfortunate return trip to Mexico in 1783.*
Luis Quintero - Received permission along with Jose de Velasco y Lara to move to Ventura in 1782 to establish the Mission San Buenaventura and later
to Santa Barbara to establish the presidio. He may have wished to be near his three daughters who had married soldiers stationed at the presidio in Santa Barbara. Died in Santa Barbara in 1810.
Antonio Mesa - Apparently became disillusioned with the hardships in Alta California and received permission to return to Sonora, Mexico in 1782.
Jose Antonio Navarro - Sent to San Jose in 1790 and later to the Presidio in San Francisco. Buried at the Mission Dolores in San Francisco in 1793.
Pablo Rodriguez - Moved to San Diego in 1796 then to San Juan Capistrano. Buried at the Mission San Juan Capistrano in 1816.
Jose Vanegas - Remained in Los Angeles for 20 years during which he served as its first alcalde (mayor). Upon the death of his wife in 1801, moved to San Diego and the Mission San Luis Rey.
Manuel Camero - Remained in Los Angeles. Served as a Los Angeles regidor (councilman). Died here in 1819.
Jose Moreno - Remained in Los Angeles. Served as a Los Angeles regidor. Buried at Mission San Gabriel in 1806.
Alejandro Rosas - Remained in Los Angeles. He and his wife died here only a month apart in December 1788 and January 1789.
Jose Antonio Rosas - Remained in Los Angeles. Buried at the Mission San Gabriel in 1809.

* Jose de Velasco y Lara was ordered back to Mexico by the authorities when he confessed to Father Junipero Serra that his first wife, whom he had maintained had died, might actually still be alive. He was already remarried with children. He unfortunately never returned to see his second wife and children in Santa Barbara, having died not long after returning to Nayarit.