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Homelessness in Los Angeles County

According to the Institute for the Study of Homelessness and Poverty at the Weingart Center, an estimated 254,000 men, women and children experience homelessness in Los Angeles County during some part of the year and approximately 82,000 people are homeless on any given night. Unaccompanied youth, especially in the Hollywood area, are estimated to make up from 4,800 to 10,000 of these.

Although homeless people may be found throughout the county, the largest percentages are in South Los Angeles and Metro Los Angeles.  Most are from the Los Angeles area and stay in or near the communities from which they came. About 14 to 18 percent of homeless adults in Los Angeles County are not U.S. citizens compared with 29% of adults overall. A high percentage - as high as 20 percent - are veterans. African Americans make up approximately half of the Los Angeles County homeless population - disproportionately high compared to the percentage of African Americans in the county overall (about 9 percent).

Other Facts About the Homeless Population in Los Angeles:

  • The average age is 40 - women tend to be younger.

  • 33% to 50% are female.  Men make up about 75% of the single population.

  • About 42% to 77% do not receive public benefits to which they are entitled.

  • 20% to 43% are in families, typically headed by a single mother.

  • An estimated 20% are physically disabled.

  • 41% of adults were employed within last year.

  • 16% to 20% of adults are employed.

  • About 25% are mentally ill.

  • As children, 27% lived in foster care or group homes; 25% were physically or sexually abused

  • 33%-66% of single individuals have substance abuse issues.

  • 48% graduated from high school; 32% had a bachelor degree or higher (as compared to 45% and 25% for the population overall respectively).

Race General Population Homeless Population
Latino 47% 33%
White 30% 14%
African American 9% 50%
Asian/Pacific Islander 12% 2%
Other 2% Less than 1%

Source: Institute for the Study of Homelessness & Poverty at the Weingart Center

 

Homeless Population Counts by the Los Angeles Homeless Services Authority

Since 2005 the Los Angeles Homeless Services Authority, an agency of the City of Los Angeles, has
conducted numerical and demographic counts of homelessness not only within the city of Los Angeles,
but throughout Los Angeles County. Over the course of three days in January, this count was
conducted with the help of more than 4,000 volunteers branching out throughout Los Angeles County.

Homeless Population Counts in Los Angeles County
All Los Angeles County & City of Los Angeles

Year

All Los Angeles County

City of Los Angeles

Total

Unsheltered

Sheltered

Total

Unsheltered

Sheltered

2005

65,287

53,429

11,858

-

-

-

2007

52,956

39,168

13,788

-

-

-

2009

38,602

21,073

16,745

-

-

-

2011

39,135

20,517

19,176

-

-

-

2013

39,463

25,136

14,327

22,993

14,968

8,025

2015

44,359

31,018

13,341

25,686

17,687

7,999

Homeless Population Counts in Los Angeles County
By Service Planning Areas

Year

Antelope Valley
(SPA 1)

San Fernando Valley
(SPA 2)

San Gabriel Valley
(SPA 3)

Metro LA
(SPA 4)

West LA
(SPA 5)

South LA
(SPA 6)

East LA County
(SPA7 )

South Bay/
Harbor
(SPA 8)

2005

2,404

8,051

7,145

14,041

4,773

11,919-

4,982

5,918

2007

1,238

4,464

6,648

16,109

4,580

7,786

3,806

3,806

2009

1,609

3,312

2,780

10,339

3,738

5,504

2,993

2,401

2011

1,412

3,720

2,499

10,086

3,512

7,541

3,208

2,644

2013

2,113

4,836

2,794

10,472

3,667

7,045

2,429

2,168

2015

2,818

5,216

3,093

11,681

4,276

7,513

3,571

3,006

 

2015 Ethnic Percentages

City of Los Angeles All of County of Los Angeles

African American

12,188 (47%) 15,887 (39%)

Hispanic/Latino

5,411 (21%) 11,082 (27%)

White/Caucasian

5,567 (22%) 10,306 (25%)

American Indian/Alaska Native

654 (3%) 1,163 (3%)

Asian/Pacific Islander

496 (2%) 657 (2%)

Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander

37 (0.1%) 66 (0.2%)

Multi-Racial/Other

1,333 (5%) 2,013 (5%)

 

2015 Demographic Characteristics

City of Los Angeles All of Los Angeles County

Veterans

2,733 (11%) 4,016 (10%)

Chronically Homeless Individuals

8,060 (31%) 12,356 (30%)

Chronically Homeless Family Members

945 (4%) 1,187 (4%)

Substance Abuse

6,255 (24%) 10,388 (25%)

Mental Illness

8,163 (32%) 12,253 (30%)

Persons with HIV/AIDS

546 (2%) 757 (2%)

Domestic Violence Experience

5,458 (21%) 8,801 (21%)

Physical Disability

4,854 (19%) 8,148 (20%)

In the 2015 count in Greater Los Angeles, there were 2,781 unaccompanied, unsheltered homeless youth (under age 18) counted during the daytime; 2,099 estimated during nighttime street counts and 1,277 counted in emergency shelters and transitional housing programswere counted in Los Angeles County.

Source: Los Angeles Homeless Services Authority

 

Also see:

Shelter Partnership, Inc

 

 

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