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Original Settlers (Pobladores) of El Pueblo de la Reina de Los Angeles, 1781

Recorded Family Head

Age

Race

Birthplace

Name, Age & Race of Spouse

Children***

Manuel Camero*

30

Mulatto

Nayarit

Maria Tomasa (24, Mulatta)

None

Jose Fernando de Velasco y Lara

50

Spaniard

Spain

Maria Antonia Campos (23, Indian)

3

Antonio Mesa

38

Black

Sinaloa

Ana Gertrudis (27, Mulatto)

2

Jose Cesario Moreno*

22

Mulatto

Sinaloa

Maria Guadalupe Gertrudis Perez (19, Mulatta)

None

Jose Antonio Navarro

42

Mestizo

Sinaloa

Maria Regina Dorotea Glorea de Soto (47, Mulatta)

3

Luis Manuel Quintero

55

Black

Jalisco

Maria Petra Rubio (40, Mulatta)

5

Pablo Rodriguez

25

Indian

Sinaloa

Maria Rosalia Noriega (26, Indian)

1

Alejandro Rosas*

19

Indian

Sinaloa

Juana Rodriguez (20, Indian)

None

Jose Antonio Basilio Rosas

67

Indian

Durango

Maria Manuela Calixtra Hernandez (43, Mulatta)

6

Jose Maria Vanegas**

28

Indian

Jalisco

Maria Bonifacia Maxima Aguilar (20, Indian)

1

Antonio Clemente Felix Villavicencio

30

Spaniard

Chihuahua

Maria de los Santos Flores (26, Indian)

1

*Married just prior to leaving for the new pueblo because new settlers were required to be heads of families.
**Vanegas was appointed to be the first alcalde (mayor).
***Children at the time of the settlement of the Pueblo. Some of these settlers went on to have other children.

A twelfth settler, Antonio Miranda Rodriguez, a 50-year-old Filipino, and his 11 year-old daughter were also slated to settle in the new pueblo.
They set out with the rest of the pobladores in early 1781 enroute to their new home. While in Baja California, however, they were among those
who fell ill to smallpox and remained there for an extended time to recuperate. When they finally arrived in Alta California (the present-day State
of California), it was discovered that Miranda Rodriguez was a skilled gunsmith. He was subsequently reassigned to the Santa Barbara Presidio in
1782 to be an armorer.

Maria Guadalupe Gertrudis Perez, wife of Jose Moreno, was the last surviving original settler. She died in 1860, having lived almost 100 years.
Her granddaughter, Catalina Moreno, married Don Andres Pico, brother of Pio Pico and Mexican military commander at the Battle of San Pascual.

 

Whatever Happened to the Original Settlers?

Antonio Clemente Felix Villavicencio - Moved to Santa Barbara in 1797. Died there in 1802.
Jose de Velasco y Lara - Received permission to move to Ventura in 1782 to establish the Mission San Buenaventura and later to Santa Barbara to
establish the presidio. Died in Nayarit on an unfortunate return trip to Mexico in 1783*.
Luis Quintero - Received permission along with Jose de Velasco y Lara to move to Ventura in 1782 to establish the Mission San Buenaventura and later
to Santa Barbara to establish the presidio. He may have wished to be near his three daughters who had married soldiers stationed at the presidio in Santa
Barbara. Died in Santa Barbara in 1810.
Antonio Mesa - Apparently became disillusioned with the hardships in Alta California and received permission to return to Sonora, Mexico in 1782.
Jose Antonio Navarro - Sent to San Jose in 1790 and later to the Presidio in San Francisco. Buried at the Mission Dolores in San Francisco in 1793.
Pablo Rodriguez - Moved to San Diego in 1796 then to San Juan Capistrano. Buried at the Mission San Juan Capistrano in 1816.
Jose Vanegas - Remained in Los Angeles for 20 years during which he served as its first alcalde (mayor). Upon the death of his wife in 1801, moved to San
Diego and the Mission San Luis Rey.
Manuel Camero - Remained in Los Angeles. Served as a Los Angeles regidor (councilman). Died here in 1819.
Jose Moreno - Remained in Los Angeles. Served as a Los Angeles regidor. Buried at Mission San Gabriel in 1806.
Alejandro Rosas - Remained in Los Angeles. He and his wife died here only a month apart in December 1788 and January 1789.
Jose Antonio Rosas - Remained in Los Angeles. Buried at the Mission San Gabriel in 1809.

* Jose de Velasco y Lara was ordered back to Mexico by the authorities when he confessed to Father Junipero Serra that his first wife, whom he had maintained had died,
might actually still be alive. He was already remarried with children. He unfortunately never returned to see his second wife and children in Santa Barbara, having died not
long after returning to Nayarit.

 

 

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